Habakkuk

A prophet in Judah in the final years of the 7th cent. BCE about whom little is known. He was probably a contemporary of Jeremiah during the reign of Jehoiakim, son of Josiah, and was concerned with the duties of public worship. The OT book which bears his name clearly divides into two sections: the first two chapters (written about 625 BCE) announce the impending onslaught of the irresistible Babylonians (‘Chaldeans’) who will punish Jehoiakim for his evil tyranny, but in that process some of the less wicked will suffer more. Why should this be? It is the problem of theodicy that perplexed some of the Wisdom [[➝ wisdom]] writers—e.g. Job and Ecclesiastes. The answer given (Hab. 2:4) is that ‘the upright will live through faithfulness’ (NJB): he will live in the highest sense of the word (or, perhaps, simply he will be preserved during the invasion) by maintaining his faithfulness (to God). This verse is cited by Paul in Rom. 1:17 and Gal. 3:11 from the LXX as a scriptural proof for his teaching that a believer is made righteous with God in virtue of his ‘faith’.
The third chapter (‘one of the noblest in the entire OT’) consists of liturgical prayer and thanksgiving [[➝ thanksgiving sacrifice]]. Come what may (Hab. 3:17) the prophet refuses to be anything except joyful in the God of his salvation (Hab. 3:18–19).
One of the earliest of the Dead Sea scrolls to be discovered (1947–8) turned out to be a commentary on Hab. 1 and 2, and in the accepted code it is known by the symbol IQpH.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • HABAKKUK — (Heb. חֲבַקּוּק; cf, Akk. ḫambaququ or ḫhabbaququ, a fragrant herb), prophet at the time of the chaldeans ascent to power in the early seventh century B.C.E. (Hab. 1:6), a time apparently after the Egyptian defeat at Carchemish (Jer. 46:2) and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Habakkuk — 1 Habakkuk 2 Habakkuk 3 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Habakkuk — • Article on the minor prophet of the Old Testament, and his book Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Habakkuk — [hab′ə kuk΄, hə bak′ək] n. [Heb Ḥabhaqqūq, prob. < ḥābaq, to embrace] Bible 1. a Hebrew prophet of c. 7th cent. B.C. 2. the book containing his prophecies: abbrev. Hab or Hb …   English World dictionary

  • Habakkuk — This article is about Habakkuk, a biblical prophet. For other uses, see Habakkuk (disambiguation). An 18th century Russian icon of the prophet Habakkuk (Iconostasis of Transfiguration Church, Kizhi monastery, Karelia, Russia) …   Wikipedia

  • Habakkuk — noun 1. a Hebrew minor prophet • Instance Hypernyms: ↑prophet 2. an Old Testament book telling Habakkuk s prophecies • Syn: ↑Habacuc, ↑Book of Habakkuk • Instance Hypernyms: ↑book …   Useful english dictionary

  • Habakkuk — /heuh bak euhk, hab euh kuk , kook /, n. 1. a Minor Prophet of the 7th century B.C. 2. a book of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: Hab. Also, Douay Bible, Habacuc. * * * flourished 6th or 7th century BC One of the 12 Minor Prophets of the Hebrew …   Universalium

  • Habakkuk 1 — 1 The burden which Habakkuk the prophet did see. 2 O LORD, how long shall I cry, and thou wilt not hear! even cry out unto thee of violence, and thou wilt not save! 3 Why dost thou shew me iniquity, and cause me to behold grievance? for spoiling… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Habakkuk 3 — 1 A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet upon Shigionoth. 2 O LORD, I have heard thy speech, and was afraid: O LORD, revive thy work in the midst of the years, in the midst of the years make known; in wrath remember mercy. 3 God came from Teman, and… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Habakkuk — noun Etymology: Hebrew Ḥăbhaqqūq Date: 1621 1. a Hebrew prophet of seventh century B.C. Judah who prophesied an imminent Chaldean invasion 2. a prophetic book of canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture see bible table …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Habakkuk — noun a) A prophetic book Old Testament of the Bible; or the eighth part of the Tere Asar in the Jewish Tanakh. b) A Jewish prophet of the Old Testament; author of the book that bears his name …   Wiktionary

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